Pharmacology

About the Department


GOAL

UG

The broad goal of teaching pharmacology to undergraduate students is to inculcate in them a rational and scientific basis of therapeutics.

PG

  1. To understand pharmacology in depth with understanding of the rational use of drugs, clinical pharmacology and to prepare good quality teachers.
  2. Introducing students to advances in teaching technology, Computer Aided Learning, internet, patent laws and procedures etc.
  3. To orient students for research & developments.

EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVE

UG

Knowledge

At the end of the course, the student shall be able to

  1. Describe the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of essential and commonly used drugs.
  2. List the indications, contraindications, interactions and adverse reactions of commonly used drugs.
  3. Indicate the use of the appropriate drug in a particular disease with consideration of its cost, efficacy and safety for individual needs, and mass therapy under national health programmes
  4. Describe the pharmacokinetic basis, clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of common poisonings.
  5. Integrate the list the drugs of addiction and recommend the management.
  6. Classify environmental and occupational pollutants and state the management issues.
  7. Explain pharmacological basis of prescribing drugs in special medical situations such as pregnancy, lactation, infancy and old age.
  8. Explain the concept of rational drug therapy in clinical pharmacology viii state the principles underlying the concept of Essential Drugs?
  9. Evaluate the ethics and modalities involved in the development and introduction of new drugs.

PG

To achieve this goal, the following objectives must be fulfilled. At the end of course in Pharmacology and Therapeutics, the trained specialist shall be able to Cognitive domain

  1. Apply basic principles of pharmacology and therapeutics to practice rational use of existing drugs and evaluation of new drugs.
  2. Collect and analyse experimental and clinical data related to drug kinetics or dynamics.
  3. Interpret the analyzed data with reasonable accuracy and derive logical conclusions.
  4. Provide appropriate advice related to selection of drug, drug usage (desirable and undesirable effects, Kinetics, interactions), Precautions and measures to be taken during administration of drug and treating the ADRs in a given patient taking into consideration physiological, psychological & Pathological features.
  5. Audit drug utilization and drug related adverse events.
  6. Assess emergency situations while carrying out drug trials and institute exergency management till appropriate assistance from clinical side is available.
  7. Develop the ability for continued self learning so as to update the knowledge of recent advances in the field of Pharmacology and allied fields.
  8. Be competent to teach and train undergraduate and future postgraduate medical students and junior doctors in Pharmacology and Therapeutics as well as nurses and paramedical staff in Medical Colleges, Institutions and other Hospitals.
  9. Plan and carry out both laboratory and clinical research with adherence to scientific methodology and GLP/GCP guidelines.
  10. Be aware of legal and ethical aspects of drug evaluation.
  11. Communicate the findings, results and conclusions of scientific research, both verbally and in writings.
  12. Be aware of regulatory procedures needed to be carried out prior to the marketing of a new drug in India.

SKILL

UG

At the end of the course, the student shall be able to

  • Prescribe drugs for common ailments
  • Identify adverse reactions and interactions of commonly used drugs.
  • Interpret the data of experiments designed for the study of effects of drugs and bioassays which are observed during the study.
  • Scan information on common pharmaceutical preparations and critically evaluate drug formulations.
  • Be well-conversant with the principles of pharmacy and dispense the medications giving proper instructions.

PG

A) Psychomotor domain

  • Perform common experimental techniques required for evaluation of new drug with competence.
  • Perform common clinical procedures required for evaluation of drug in normal volunteers and patients with competence.
  • Organize and manage administrative responsibilities for routine day to day work as well as new situations.
  • Carry out necessary resuscitative measures in emergency situations arising during drug evaluation.
  • Use teaching-learning media effectively.

B) Affective domain

  • Appreciate socio-psychological, cultural and environmental factors affecting health and drug usage.
  • Appreciate the importance and implementation of National health programmes in context to rational drug utilization.
  • Be aware of the importance of cost-effectiveness in patient management.
  • Be aware of service activities which a pharmacologist can undertake viz. therapeutic drug monitoring, ADR monitoring, drug information services, poison control centre, drug auditing etc.
  • Adopt ethical principles while conducting experimental and human research.
  • Develop communication skills to interact with patients, peers and paramedical staff.
  • Realize the importance of team work.
  • Develop attitudes required for professional responsibilities.

INTEGRATION

UG

Practical knowledge of the rational use of drugs in clinical practice will be acquired through integrated teaching vertically with pre-clinical & clinical subjects and horizontally with other para-clinical subjects.

Facilities

Experimental Lab

  • Digital Analgesiometer (Tail flick method)
  • Digital Analgesiometer (Hot plate method)
  • Electroconvulsiometer
  • Rota-rod apparatus / assembly
  • Tele Thermometer 6 Probe
  • Organ Bath Assembly
  • Weighing Machine (Digital)Balance
  • Thermometer up to 110o C
  • Perfusion Assembly
  • Beakers 500ml
  • Beakers 100ml
  • Pipettes B 1.0 x 0.10ml
  • Pipettes B 10.0 x 0.10ml
  • Measuring Cylinders 5ml
  • Measuring Cylinders 10ml
  • Measuring Cylinders 100ml
  • Glass stirrer
  • Funnels

Research Lab

  • Flame photometer (Digital)
  • Digital pH meter
  • Cook’s Pole Climbing Apparatus
  • Actophotometer
  • Eleveated maze
  • Microscope
  • Water bath

Clinical Lab

Mannequins

  • Intravenous training model
  • Subcutaneous training model
  • Intramuscular training model
  • Intracardiac & various routes of drug administration
  • Pupilometer
  • Flicker Fusion Apparatus
  • Human weighing machine
  • Digital B.P. Apparatus
  • Stop watch
  • Stethoscopes
  • Meter type B.P. Apparatus
  • Glucometer

Pharmacy Lab

  • Mortar and Pestle
  • Porcelain tile
  • Spatula
  • Dispensing bottles
  • Analytical balance

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